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Monday, 1 September 2014
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Domesday Book - Hampton

  Date: 1086

35 hides or households

  Link to shorter version
See also: Domesday Book - Isleworth
Hampton entry on Folio 130 of the Domesday Book
Hampton entry on Folio 130 of the Domesday Book
The Hounslow Hundred

In 1086 the Manor of Hampton, which included Teddington, together with the Manor of Isleworth (which included Twickenham) were part of the Hundred of Hounslow.
In the south of England the Hundreds were administrative divisions of the Shire. Both manors had belonged to Earl Aelfgar in the time of King Edward, but were granted to Walter de Saint-Valery (Waleric) by William after the conquest.
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The translation

The same Walter holds HAMPTON. It is assessed at
35 hides. There is land for 25 ploughs. In demesne [are]
+18+ hides, and 3 ploughs. The villans have 17 ploughs,
and there could be 5 ploughs more. There are 30 villans
each on 1 virgate, and 11 villans on 2 ½ hides, and
4 bordars each on half a virgate. [There is] meadow for
3 ploughs and [rendering] 10s, [and] pasture for the
livestock of the vill. From the seines and drag-nets in the
river Thames, 3s. In all it is worth £39; when received,
£20; TRE (from the time of King Edward) £40. Earl Ælfgar held this manor.

Acknowledgement: Folio image and translation by kind permission of Alecto Historical Editions.


Glossary

Hide - the amount of land which would support a household.

Virgate - one-quarter of a hide.

Demesne - land whose produce is devoted to the Lord rather than his tenants.

Vill - the unit of local administration at its lowest level: representing an area of land but not necessarily a village.

Villan - a peasant of higher economic status than a bordar and living in a village.

Bordar - a cottager, peasant of lower economic status than a villan.

Cottar - a cottager.

TRE - Tempore Regis Edwardi - in the time of King Edward ie before the Conquest.
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What is the Domesday Book?

Domesday Book is the first and most detailed census made in England. It was made as a result of the Norman Conquest and was used as a source of information on land and property ownership following the Norman settlement of England. It provided the new ruling group, King William and his heirs, the barons and church leaders, with information vital for them to govern efficiently.

The Anglo Saxon Chronicle written in 1085 states:

Then he (King William) sent his men over all England into every shire and had them find out how many hundred hides there were in the shire or what land and cattle...how much land the archbishops had, and his bishops and his abbots and his earls...how much everybody had who was occupying land in England, in land and cattle and how much money it was worth.

So very narrowly did he have it investigated, that there was no single hide nor virgate of land, nor indeed...one ox nor one cow nor one pig which was there left out...

further reading

A C B Urwin, Hampton and Teddington in 1086 - an Analysis of the Entry in the Domesday Book, Borough of Twickenham Local History Society Paper no2, 1965

Domesday Book – A Complete translation, Penguin Books.
The complete, authoritative translation from the original Latin of Domesday Book, together with an index of places and a glossary of terms used.

Digital Domesday on CD-ROM for Windows, Alecto Historical Editions available from GetMapping PLC.
A fully searchable translation of the original with indexes to place names and people.
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The original Domesday Book is held at the PRO in Kew.

In all it is worth £39


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