Keeper of the Jocky Park in Bushy Park
1635 - 1733
On 31 July 1732, at the age of 44, Thomas Carwitham married Iphigenia Phillipa Golding of Hampton, by licence, at Hanworth, Middlesex. He was then described as of St Pauls Covent Garden. Iphigenia was a daughter of Edward Golding (1675-1733) and Elizabeth née Woodward (d1707). She had two brothers, Gemeriah (b1707) and Jesharelah (1703-60). The trio of names provokes curiosity, unsatisfied at present, but there was another sister, Elizabeth, perhaps named after her mother and a third Edward. Edward the father was the second of a dynasty of at least five so named. In 1698 he succeeded his father as Keeper of the Jocky Park (Middle Park), 370 acres of enclosed deer park forming the centre third of Bushy Park at Hampton Court. The family probably lived in a lodge there, the post was a sinecure and Edward's son inherited the post, the third in succession when his father died in 1733.
Contemporary documents mention Edward’s work in the Park:
“Edward Golding, Keeper of the deer at Hampton Court, claims (£51-3-5d) for his disbursements in feeding several deer as per bill certified by Mr. Latton to be by his late Majesty's command” (Civil List Debt: Various Claims', Calendar of Treasury Books, Volume 17: 1702, pp1072-1078)
“Treasury reference to Mr. Wilcox of the petition of Tho. Simpson and Edw. Golding shewing that the pales and gates about Bushey and Middle Park on that side next Hounslow and round to Hampton Green are so bad as to be blown down by every gust of wind and let the deer out into the country; also that the wall from the Wick to Hampton Court is decaying; that two new deer pens are wanting and the present pens want repairing and new racks.” (Reference Book IX, p. 158, Calendar of Treasury Books, Volume 28: 1714, pp160-169)
The Goldings (earlier Goulding, Goulden or Gouldinge) were well established locally and probably of growing substance: one of the later Edwards, a parson, married Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev Nicholas Zinzano (1669-1735) who had acquired the house later known as St Albans, on the riverside, bequeathing it to his daughter on his death. This Edward acquired a property on Hampton Court Green later rebuilt as Chetwynd House. A possible descendant, Mrs Golding, was occupying Hampton Court House in 1818. The Zinzano (Zinzan) family have a considerable history.
^ top ^
a Twickenham connection?
There were Goldings in Twickenham at this time and earlier who may have been connected with the Hampton Goldings. The marriage at Hanworth nearby was perhaps an alternative to Twickenham where few took place during this period: there were none at all between 1711 and 1726 and only two in the calendar year 1732. The vicars were pluralists or Deans of Windsor, often absent, the vicarage rented out. However, why Hampton was not chosen is a mystery: was there family opposition?
The Twickenham family, earlier spelt Goulding or Gouldine, are first noted with the burial of a stillborn child of Thomas in 1660 and in 1663 Anne, his daughter (baptised on 21 April 1662). There were further baptisms: Thomas on 10 April 1664, William on 15 April 1666 and Francis on 24 May 1668. A “servant of Thomas Goulding” was buried on October 14 1669, unnamed and, on 16 November, Thomas, son of Thomas (Gouldin) was buried. 1678 was a bad year: on 26 May Hannah daughter of John was buried, followed on 5 June by Thomas and on 9 June by Christian, father unnamed. This last Thomas was perhaps one of two brothers and he left his widow to pay the rates for a further three years, after which there are no entries in Twickenham records until 1700 with the assessment of Thomas and Francis Golding as ratepayers. These were probably brothers and are recorded until 1734. Judith Golding, daughter of Thomas & Mary was baptised on 11 June 1713. The family are last recorded in Twickenham with the burial of Francis, probably a son, in August 1766.
No further information about Thomas and Iphigenia following their marriage is yet available: where they lived and died, with or without children. He stopped exhibiting in 1733, the year after his marriage; this may have been the year of his death