Domesday Book - Hampton
35 hides or households
What is the Domesday Book?In 1066 William of Normandy invaded England, conquered the land and had himself crowned King. In 1085, William sent his scribes travelling through all of England to make a record of his lands and properties.
Using quill pens and writing on large sheets of vellum (calfskin) the scribes made a list of all the settlements and their Lords, the number of ploughs and domestic animals such as cows and pigs and the number of peasants and cottagers.
The vellum sheets were then bound into a book known as The Domesday Book. It is the first and most detailed census made in England.
King William and his heirs, the barons and church leaders, were able to use the information to raise taxes and to govern efficiently.
How much was Hampton worth?After the Norman conquest Hampton manor was held by Walter de Saint-Valery. He owned 18 hides (a hide is enough land to support one household) and 3 ploughs.
He was Lord of the Manor to 35 households owning 25 ploughs, 41 peasants owning 17 ploughs, and 4 cottagers with 3 meadows and 3 ploughs. The scribes also noted that there were seine nets and drag nets in the River Thames.
Hampton was worth �39 at this time.