The Twickenham Museum

Timeline

Local Events
 
Other Events
410
The Sack of Rome starts on 24 August
476
Fall of the Roman Empire
698
The Lindisfarne Gospels
First written mention of 'Tuican hom' in a Charter
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704
731
(the Venerable) Bede; Ecclesiastical History
External website >
750
757
Offa King of Mercia
768
Charlemagne King of the Franks.

Offa's Dyke built
800
Charlemagne crowned Holy Roman Emperor
871
Alfred the Great (849-900) crowned King of Wessex
878
Alfred wins battle of Edington. Guthrum baptised
Manor of Teddington granted to St Peter's Westminster (Westminster Abbey)
969
1000
1042
Edward the Confessor King of England
1066
Battle of Hastings
External website >
Isleworth & Hampton ('Hamntone') Manors owned by Walter de St Valery, nephew of William I
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Domesday Book - Isleworth
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1086
Domesday Book prepared
1099
Jerusalem recaptured in 1st Crusade
1100

1170
Murder of Thomas a Becket in Canterbury Cathedral
External website >
1200
1204
Constantinople sacked during the 4th Crusade
External website >
1215
Magna Carta signed by King John at Runnymede on the Thames
External website >
First wooden bridge connecting Kingston with Hampton Wick
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1219
1224
The Charta de Foresta (Great Forest Charter) enacted by Henry III, establishing liberty to hunt in forests. This led to the revival of The Horn Dance festival in Abbots Bromley, Staffordshire in 1226.
Richard Earl of Cornwall, brother of Henry III, granted the Manor of Isleworth
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1227
Hampton Manor purchased by the Knights Hospitallers
1236
Local encampment of barons opposing Henry III
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1263
Londoners destroy Richard of Cornwall's hunting lodge at Twickenham Park.

Manor of Isleworth
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1264
Battle of Lewes & defeat of King Henry III
1265
Battle of Evesham, defeat and death of Simon de Montfort
"Alan", Vicar of Twickenham noted in the accounts of Richard, Earl of Cornwall
1296
First recorded accounts for the manor of Teddington prepared by William East, Reeve for the Abbot of Westminster
1300
William Browne, first recorded incumbent at St Mary's Church in Twickenham presented on 12 November (but see year 1296).
1332
Survey of Hampton prepared for the Knights Hospitallers
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1338
1340
Geoffrey Chaucer born
1349
The Black Death reaches England
The Peasants' revolt: Twickenham ransacked.
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1381
The Peasants Revolt, Wat Tyler murdered at Smithfield
1400
Henry V establishes the Bridgettine monastery of Syon on land at St Margarets
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1414
Syon Monastery moves to Isleworth
1431
Jeanne d'Arc burnt at the stake
First documentary reference to a ferry connecting Twickenham & Richmond
1443
1453
Fall of Constantinople
1475
Birth of Michaelangelo Buonarotti (1475-1564) near Florence
1485
Battle of Bosworth ends the Wars of the Roses. Richard III killed and accession of Henry VII
1497
The Moors expellad from Spain
1500
Cardinal Wolsey starts to build Hampton Court on land purchased from the Knights Hospitallers
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1515
Wolsey gives Hampton Court to Henry VIII
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1529
Henry VIII passes Twickenham by river, with Anne Boleyn on his way from Hampton Court to Greenwich
1534
1536
Henry commences the dissolution of the monasteries.

Execution of Anne Boleyn
Henry VIII constructs Duke of Northumberland's River
1544
Hampton School founded
1557
1558
Accession of Queen Elizabeth I on death of Mary
First major house built in Twickenham Park
1561
Francis Bacon at Twickenham Park
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1580
1588
Spanish Armada attempts invasion
1600
The Plague in Hampton - around 100 deaths
1603
Death of Queen Elizabeth I at Richmond Palace and accession of James I
The Hampton Court Conference Shakespeare visits Hampton Court to perform before James I
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1604
The Plague in Twickenham
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1605
The Gunpowder Plot discovered on November 5th
Earliest recorded map of Twickenham drawn by Ralph Tresswell the Younger.

Sir John Suckling, father of the Cavalier poet, living at Whitton.
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1607
20 January The Great Flood in The Bristol Channel - a Tsunami?
Construction of York House started by Andrew Pitcairne
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1633
Map of Isleworth Hundred, including Twickenham, drawn by Moses Glover
1635
Civil War starts: Battle of Brentford
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1642
1648
Trial and execution of Charles I
An attempt, led by Sir Thomas Nott of Twickenham Park and a Royalist, to proclaim Charles II King
1649
1653
16 December, Oliver Cromwell installed in Parliament as Lord Protector
The Earl of Manchester moves into York House (20 May)

Signing of "Isleworth Syon Peace", an agreement between the Lord of the Manor and his tenants accepting certain customs of the Manor and procedures for inheritance of property.
1656
1658
Death of Oliver Cromwell
First mention of Twickenham Ferry
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1659
1660
Restoration of the Monarchy. Charles II returns to England
External website >
Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon at York House
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Survey of of the Parish of Twickenham
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1661
1663
Bitter winter: great frost fair held on the frozen Thames
The Plague in Twickenham & London
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1665
The Plague in London
1666
The Great Fire of London
Earl of Clarendon exiled to France
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1667
John Hooker (c1635-1674) builds house later known as Radnor House, Twickenham
1673
James II's army established on Hounslow Heath for the Summer
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1686
1688
birth of Alexander Pope on 21 May in London.

Defeat of the Duke of Monmouth at the battle of Sedgemoor (the "Monmouth Rebellion")
New Royal Appartments at Hampton Court Palace designed by Sir Christopher Wren
1689
James II deposed, William and Mary crowned joint Monarchs
Princess Anne (future Queen) and her son at Mrs Davies' house (future Orleans House estate)
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1693
The Maze planted at Hampton Court
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1695
Batty Langley born in Twickenham
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1696
Construction of the Chestnut Avenue in Bushy Park for Willian III
1699
1700
Isabella Maria, Lady Wentworth (c1653-1733) at Mount Lebanon, Twickenham
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1701
1703
The Great Storm, a national disaster
1704
The battle of Blenheim, a national triumph
External website >
Sir Godfrey Kneller (1646-1723) building Kneller Hall at Whitton.
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Dr Stephen Hales (1667-1761) appointed Perpetual Curate of St Mary's church, Teddington
1709
The Teddington Maypole battle. Construction of house later known as Orleans House by James Johnston.
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1710
Sir Robert Shirley, 1st Earl Ferrers (1650-1717) buys Heath Lane Lodge, Twickenham
1711
Collapse and rebuilding of the nave of St Mary's church, Twickenham
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1713
The Treaty of Utrecht signed
1714
Accession of George I on the death of Queen Anne
Construction of the Octagon at Orleans House
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1718
Alexander Pope comes to live at Twickenham
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1719
Lady Mary Wortley Montague comes to Twickenham.
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Probable construction of 25 The Embankment, Twickenham.

Thomas Twining (1675-1741) buys Dial House, Twickenham.
1720
Construction of Montpelier and Sion Rows in Twickenham by Captain John Gray
1721
Trial of William Chunn
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1722
Building of Marble Hill House for Henrietta Howard started
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1724
Peter Tillemans paints "A Prospect of Twickenham"
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Workhouse opened on north side of Twickenham Green
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1725
1727
Death of George I and accession of George II
Voltaire visits Pope at Twickenham
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1728
the "Great Vitriol Works" opens in Twickenham, for the manufacture of sulphuric acid. Local consternation at the fumes discharged.
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1736
August: the monarch (George II) stays at Hampton Court Palace for the last time.

Pope (probably) turned out of his house in consequence enjoys a Summer ramble elsewhere.
1737
Ann Twining inherits life interest in Twickenham properties of which 25 The Embankment is part.
1741
John (Jean) Rocque starts to publish his maps of London, including Twickenham
Alexander Pope dies at Twickenham on 30 May
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1744
Margaret ("Peg") Woffington comes to live in Teddington
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1745
Jacobite Rebellion (the "'45")
Horace Walpole comes to live at Strawberry Hill.
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Henry Fielding (1707-54) winters in Twickenham.
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1747
First Hampton Court bridge built. Thomas Hudson (1701-79) comes to live at Cross Deep, Twickenham
1753
David Garrick (1717-79) comes to live at Hampton
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1754
Joseph Hickey (c1712-94), father of William, and Samuel Scott, painter, build houses at Cross Deep
1755
1756
Start of Seven Years War
1759
General James Wolfe defeats the French in Canada, taking Quebec and being killed in the battle
1760
Accession of George III
An Act to build a turnpike road connecting Isleworth with Twickenham and Teddington
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1767
The Great Vine planted at Hampton Court Palace
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1768
Horace Walpole reports on explosion at the gunpowder Mills on 6 January
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1772
Death of Paul Whitehead, poet & member of the "Hellfire Club"
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Thames rises to highest recorded level with flood water from Virginia Water.
1774
1775
Start of the American War of Independence
Bridge connecting Twickenham with Richmond opened
1777
Second bridge at Hampton Court built
1778
1783
8 June-7 February 1784, Laki volcanic eruption in Iceland. Sulphur haze and abnormal weather followed in Europe and England
original base line used for the measurement by triangulation upon which all Ordnance Survey maps were subsequently based set out from Hampton, across Hounslow Heath to Heathros by General Roy.
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1784
Map of Twickenham drawn by C J Sauthier
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1786
1789
Start of the French Revolution
John Twining awarded 25 The Embankment in a family settlement
1793
England at war with France
John Walter (c1734-1812), founder proprietor of The Times buys The Grove, Teddington
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1795
Death of Horace Walpole, Earl of Orford.
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Publication of Edward Ironside's history of Twickenham.
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1797
1798
The Battle of the Nile (Aboukir Bay)
1799
Discovery of the Rosetta Stone at Rashid in Egypt
External website >
Teddington Enclosure award.

First Methodist Chapel built in Holly Road, Twickenham.

Louis Philippe & his two brothers living at Highshot House, Crown Road until 1807
1800
1805
21 October: The Battle of Trafalgar; death of Admiral Lord Nelson
1807
the Abolition of Slavery Act
Pope's Villa demolished by Baroness Howe; the scene painted by J M W Turner
1808
Peninsula War begins
Reorganisation of the Twickenham Free Schools.
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Francis Chantrey married in St Mary's church, Twickenham
1809
J M W Turner builds Solus Lodge, now called Sandycombe Lodge
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1810
First lock built at Teddington. Hampton Enclosure Award
1811
Louis Philippe, Duc d'Orleans (1773-1850) at Orleans House, Twickenham
1815
The Battle of Waterloo fought on 18 June. End of the Napoleonic Wars
Twickenham Green established Twickenham Enclosure Award
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1818
Harsh winter, a third of families in Twickenham being supported by local charity. The Bounty Fund launched to provide additional relief.
1820
Death of George II and accession of George IV
Rev Daniel Twining (1777-1853) inherits 25 The Embankment
1827
1830
Louis Philippe becomes King of France. Accession of William IV on the death of George IV
Opening of rebuilt St Mary's Church, Hampton.

Church of St John the Baptist built in Hampton Wick
1831
Twickenham Cricket Club plays first match on 29 July
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1833
William Wilberforce died on 29th July. One month later, Parliament passed the Slavery Abolition Act that gave all slaves in the British Empire their freedom.





External website >
1837
Accession of Queen Victoria
Charles Dickens rents 2 Ailsa Park Villas in St Margarets.
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Thames Angling preservation society founded at the Bell, Hampton.
1838
Bushy Park made available to the public by Queen Victoria
1840
New parish of Holy Trinity formed.

Church built on Twickenham Green
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1841
The Great Sale at Strawberry Hill.
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1842
1st Afghan War
Day visit of Queen Victoria to Twickenham.

King Louis Philippe comes to Orleans House.

The Congregational Chapel (now the United Reformed Church) opened on Twickenham Green.
1844
The railway reaches Twickenham
1848
Revolution in France. Abdication of King Louis Philippe
The Railway reaches Hampton Court
1849
1850
Alfred, Lord Tennyson (1809-1892) comes to live at Montpelier Row, Twickenham
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1851
25 The Embankment bought by John May.

First Baptist Chapel opened on Twickenham Green
1853
"The Great Stink". London to have a proper sewerage and drainage system, relieving the River Thames of this duty
R D Blackmore (1825-1900) comes to live at Hampton Wick, moving to Teddington in 1857.
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25 The Embankment possibly sold to the Cole family of brewers (George Beauchamp Cole & Owen Blayney Cole)

Alexander Herzen (1812-1870) at Richmond House, Twickenham.
1854
start of the Crimean War
Waterworks established at Hampton
1855
Royal Military School of Music established at Kneller Hall, Whitton
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1857
The Indian Mutiny
Gas comes to the locality
1858
Tolls abolished on Richmond Bridge
1859
Thomas Twining III (1806-1895) sets up Museum of Domestic & Sanitary Econonmy at Perryn House, Twickenham
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1860
Whitton established as a separate parish.

Church of St Philip & St James built
1862
The railway extended to Kingston via Teddington & Hampton Wick

Alexander Herzen comes briefly to live at Elmfield House, Teddington
1863
The Comte de Paris at York House, Twickenham.
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The Railway extended to Hampton & Shepperton via Strawberry Hill
1864
Third bridge at Hampton Court built
1865
formation of the Twickenham Rugby Football Club
1867
Vestry replaced by local Board of Health in Twickenham
1868
Explosion at the gunpowder mills: four killed.
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Visit of Queen Victoria to Orleans House on the death of the Duchess d'Aumale.
1869
Publication of "Memorials of Twickenham" by R S Cobbett.
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Explosion at the gunpowder mills: five killed
1872
1874
birth of Winston Churchill
From Abraham Slade's diary: Jan. 18th. A dreadful hurricane from the N.East. Snow drift in some places 14 ft deep. All traffic and railways suspended... A sheep was roasted on the Thames opposite the ait on the 21. Myself and my son T.Edward walked up as far as the end of the ait on the ice. It was quite a fair, and photographs &tc. &tc.;
1881
Sewer excavation in Pope's Grove, Twickenham. Animal bones, possibly Palaeolithic found including cattle, deer, boar, wolf & bison
1882
First publication of Henry Ripley's History of Hampton
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1883
St James Roman Catholic Church opened in Pope's Grove, Twickenham
1885
Elizabeth Twining (b1805) dies, giving Dial House, Twickenham to the parish.
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1889
Duke of York opens Richmond half-lock & footbridge
1894
Separate Urban District Councils formed for Twickenham, Teddington & Hampton
1895
Henry Hammerton at 25 The Embankment
1896
The Duc d'Orleans at York House
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1897
1899
Start of 2nd Boer War
Twickenham celebrates the Relief of Mafeking a day before the official news is brought to London.
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1900
The relief of Mafeking
1901
Death of Queen Victoria and accession of Edward VIII
Twickenham Council buys Radnor House.
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Electricity introduced to Twickenham & Teddington.

Marble Hill House bought for the public.
1902
Trams introduced to Twickenham, Teddington, Hampton Wick & Hampton Court.

Teddington Lock rebuilt
1903
Land acquired for RFU: "Billy Williams' Cabbage Patch"
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1907
York House statues installed.
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Excavation and restoration of moat and bridge at Hampton Court Palace.
1909
25 The Embankment owned by a Miss L E Ruff.

First Rugby international played on new ground: Wales v England.
1910
Accession of George V on death of Edward VIII
William Alfred Hammerton living at 25 The Embankment
1912
The exiled King Manoel of Portugal (1890-1932) comes to live at Fulwell Park.

Court case, Dysart v Hammerton over ferry rights starts
1913
1914
Start of World War 1 ("The Great War")
Walter Hammerton wins ferry rights court case at House of Lords
1915
1917
The Russian Revolution
1918
End of World War 1: "the war to end all wars"
Richmond Ice Rink opens in East Twickenham (closes in 1992).
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York House acquired by Twickenham UDC.

York House Society formed.
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1924
Twickenham constituted as a borough.

Demolition of Orleans House.
1926
Visit of Duke and Duchess of York
Gunpowder Mills close
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1927
Twickenham road bridge opened.

Fourth bridge opened at Hampton Court.
1933
Open air swimming pool opened at Twickenham Riverside
1935
1936
The Battle of Cable Street
External website >
Urban district Councils of Teddington, Hampton & Hampton Wick merged with Twickenham.

Sarah Hammerton at 25 The Embankment
1937
1939
Outbreak of World War 2
Walter de la Mare (1873-1956) comes to live at Southend House, Montpelier Row, Twickenham.
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Radnor House, Twickenham destroyed by enemy bomb.
1940
Evacuation at Dunkirk. Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister
Mrs Sarah Hammerton (Dargon) still living at 25 The Embankment
1945
End of World War 2
1950
A share of the freehold of 25 The Embankment bought by Jack Ellis.

Jazz Greats at Eel Pie Island
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1956
1957
The Treaty of Rome, setting up the European Economic Community
R & B Legends at Eel Pie Island
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1960
Boroughs of Twickenham, Richmond & Barnes amalgamated
1965
Archaeological excavation behind 48 & 49 Church Street. Early Neolithic pottery and possibly Mesolithic struck flints found
1966
1973
Britain joins the European Economic Community
Major fire at Hampton Court Palace guts the south front
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1986
First ideas for the creation of The Twickenham Museum
1989
Fall of the Berlin Wall
The Twickenham Museum Trust Deed signed
1993
25 The Embankment bequeathed to The Twickenham Museum.

Archaelogical excavation at St John's Hospital. Evidence of Iron Age and Roman occupation found.
1994
Opening of restored Privy (Private) Gardens at Hampton Court Palace
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1995
Archaeological excavation at Pope's Grotto Public House in Cross Deep, Twickenham. A Bronze Age ditch found containing struck flints
1999
2000
The Twickenham Museum opens at 25 The Embankment following restoration of the house.
2001
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